New trends in the technology of CW RF-excited sealed CO2 waveguide lasers

M.B. Heeman-Ilieva, Yu.B. Udalov, W.J. Witteman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

An investigation and optimization of a single channel transverse RF excited CW sealed CO2 waveguide laser is presented. The laser performance has been studied as a function of various parameters like the excitation frequency, gas pressure, gas mixture composition, and cooling temperature for two pairs of metal electrodes with equivalent sizes, but made of different material - gold plated copper and aluminum. The waveguide structure used was metal-ceramic with an active discharge volume of 2.5X2.5X370 mm3. Single-pass small-signal gain measurements for the two sets of electrodes have been performed, as well. The experiments show that the influence of the electrode material on the laser behavior is significant, while it was generally accepted as a factor of no importance. The best result we obtained with the Al electrodes was a specific output power of 0.78 W/cm with an efficiency of 11% at 125 MHz excitation frequency and 140 Torr of 1:1:5+5% (CO2:N2:He+Xe) gas mixture, which is very close to the highest specific power of 0.85 W/cm, previously reported. With the gold plated electrodes a specific output power of 1.1 W/cm with an efficiency of about 13% was achieved at 190 MHz and 100 Torr 1:1:5+5% gas mixture. This improvement is most likely related to the catalytic properties of the gold layers. This favorable process is accelerated at elevated temperatures, so that an intensive cooling is not necessary for good laser performance. The gain measurements confirmed this behavior. With gold plated electrodes at certain experimental conditions an increase of the gain of a factor 2 was observed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications
Subtitle of host publication25-26 January 1994, Los Angeles, California
EditorsVern N. Smiley, Frank K. Tittel
Place of Publication Bellingham, WA
PublisherSPIE
Pages230-237
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)0-8194-1411-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 1994
EventSPIE International Conference on Gas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications, OA/LASE 1994 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: 25 Jan 199426 Jan 1994

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
PublisherSPIE
Volume2118
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceSPIE International Conference on Gas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications, OA/LASE 1994
Abbreviated titleOA/LASE
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period25/01/9426/01/94

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waveguide lasers
trends
electrodes
gold
gas mixtures
lasers
cooling
output
electrode materials
metals
excitation
gas pressure
ceramics
waveguides
aluminum
copper
optimization
temperature

Cite this

Heeman-Ilieva, M. B., Udalov, Y. B., & Witteman, W. J. (1994). New trends in the technology of CW RF-excited sealed CO2 waveguide lasers. In V. N. Smiley, & F. K. Tittel (Eds.), Gas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications: 25-26 January 1994, Los Angeles, California (pp. 230-237). (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 2118). Bellingham, WA: SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.176653
Heeman-Ilieva, M.B. ; Udalov, Yu.B. ; Witteman, W.J. / New trends in the technology of CW RF-excited sealed CO2 waveguide lasers. Gas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications: 25-26 January 1994, Los Angeles, California . editor / Vern N. Smiley ; Frank K. Tittel. Bellingham, WA : SPIE, 1994. pp. 230-237 (Proceedings of SPIE).
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title = "New trends in the technology of CW RF-excited sealed CO2 waveguide lasers",
abstract = "An investigation and optimization of a single channel transverse RF excited CW sealed CO2 waveguide laser is presented. The laser performance has been studied as a function of various parameters like the excitation frequency, gas pressure, gas mixture composition, and cooling temperature for two pairs of metal electrodes with equivalent sizes, but made of different material - gold plated copper and aluminum. The waveguide structure used was metal-ceramic with an active discharge volume of 2.5X2.5X370 mm3. Single-pass small-signal gain measurements for the two sets of electrodes have been performed, as well. The experiments show that the influence of the electrode material on the laser behavior is significant, while it was generally accepted as a factor of no importance. The best result we obtained with the Al electrodes was a specific output power of 0.78 W/cm with an efficiency of 11{\%} at 125 MHz excitation frequency and 140 Torr of 1:1:5+5{\%} (CO2:N2:He+Xe) gas mixture, which is very close to the highest specific power of 0.85 W/cm, previously reported. With the gold plated electrodes a specific output power of 1.1 W/cm with an efficiency of about 13{\%} was achieved at 190 MHz and 100 Torr 1:1:5+5{\%} gas mixture. This improvement is most likely related to the catalytic properties of the gold layers. This favorable process is accelerated at elevated temperatures, so that an intensive cooling is not necessary for good laser performance. The gain measurements confirmed this behavior. With gold plated electrodes at certain experimental conditions an increase of the gain of a factor 2 was observed.",
author = "M.B. Heeman-Ilieva and Yu.B. Udalov and W.J. Witteman",
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Heeman-Ilieva, MB, Udalov, YB & Witteman, WJ 1994, New trends in the technology of CW RF-excited sealed CO2 waveguide lasers. in VN Smiley & FK Tittel (eds), Gas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications: 25-26 January 1994, Los Angeles, California . Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 2118, SPIE, Bellingham, WA, pp. 230-237, SPIE International Conference on Gas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications, OA/LASE 1994, Los Angeles, United States, 25/01/94. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.176653

New trends in the technology of CW RF-excited sealed CO2 waveguide lasers. / Heeman-Ilieva, M.B.; Udalov, Yu.B.; Witteman, W.J.

Gas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications: 25-26 January 1994, Los Angeles, California . ed. / Vern N. Smiley; Frank K. Tittel. Bellingham, WA : SPIE, 1994. p. 230-237 (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 2118).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - New trends in the technology of CW RF-excited sealed CO2 waveguide lasers

AU - Heeman-Ilieva, M.B.

AU - Udalov, Yu.B.

AU - Witteman, W.J.

PY - 1994/1/25

Y1 - 1994/1/25

N2 - An investigation and optimization of a single channel transverse RF excited CW sealed CO2 waveguide laser is presented. The laser performance has been studied as a function of various parameters like the excitation frequency, gas pressure, gas mixture composition, and cooling temperature for two pairs of metal electrodes with equivalent sizes, but made of different material - gold plated copper and aluminum. The waveguide structure used was metal-ceramic with an active discharge volume of 2.5X2.5X370 mm3. Single-pass small-signal gain measurements for the two sets of electrodes have been performed, as well. The experiments show that the influence of the electrode material on the laser behavior is significant, while it was generally accepted as a factor of no importance. The best result we obtained with the Al electrodes was a specific output power of 0.78 W/cm with an efficiency of 11% at 125 MHz excitation frequency and 140 Torr of 1:1:5+5% (CO2:N2:He+Xe) gas mixture, which is very close to the highest specific power of 0.85 W/cm, previously reported. With the gold plated electrodes a specific output power of 1.1 W/cm with an efficiency of about 13% was achieved at 190 MHz and 100 Torr 1:1:5+5% gas mixture. This improvement is most likely related to the catalytic properties of the gold layers. This favorable process is accelerated at elevated temperatures, so that an intensive cooling is not necessary for good laser performance. The gain measurements confirmed this behavior. With gold plated electrodes at certain experimental conditions an increase of the gain of a factor 2 was observed.

AB - An investigation and optimization of a single channel transverse RF excited CW sealed CO2 waveguide laser is presented. The laser performance has been studied as a function of various parameters like the excitation frequency, gas pressure, gas mixture composition, and cooling temperature for two pairs of metal electrodes with equivalent sizes, but made of different material - gold plated copper and aluminum. The waveguide structure used was metal-ceramic with an active discharge volume of 2.5X2.5X370 mm3. Single-pass small-signal gain measurements for the two sets of electrodes have been performed, as well. The experiments show that the influence of the electrode material on the laser behavior is significant, while it was generally accepted as a factor of no importance. The best result we obtained with the Al electrodes was a specific output power of 0.78 W/cm with an efficiency of 11% at 125 MHz excitation frequency and 140 Torr of 1:1:5+5% (CO2:N2:He+Xe) gas mixture, which is very close to the highest specific power of 0.85 W/cm, previously reported. With the gold plated electrodes a specific output power of 1.1 W/cm with an efficiency of about 13% was achieved at 190 MHz and 100 Torr 1:1:5+5% gas mixture. This improvement is most likely related to the catalytic properties of the gold layers. This favorable process is accelerated at elevated temperatures, so that an intensive cooling is not necessary for good laser performance. The gain measurements confirmed this behavior. With gold plated electrodes at certain experimental conditions an increase of the gain of a factor 2 was observed.

U2 - 10.1117/12.176653

DO - 10.1117/12.176653

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 0-8194-1411-5

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE

SP - 230

EP - 237

BT - Gas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications

A2 - Smiley, Vern N.

A2 - Tittel, Frank K.

PB - SPIE

CY - Bellingham, WA

ER -

Heeman-Ilieva MB, Udalov YB, Witteman WJ. New trends in the technology of CW RF-excited sealed CO2 waveguide lasers. In Smiley VN, Tittel FK, editors, Gas, Metal Vapor, and Free-Electron Lasers and Applications: 25-26 January 1994, Los Angeles, California . Bellingham, WA: SPIE. 1994. p. 230-237. (Proceedings of SPIE). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.176653