New type of discharge-produced plasma source for extreme ultraviolet based on liquid tin jet electrodes

K.N. Koshelev, V.M. Krivtsun, V. Ivanov, O. Yakushev, A. Chekmarev, V. Koloshnikov, E. Snegirev, Viacheslav Medvedev

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4 Citations (Scopus)


A new approach for discharge-produced plasma (DPP) extreme ultraviolet (EUV) sources based on the usage of two liquid metallic alloy jets as discharge electrodes has been proposed and tested. Discharge was ignited using laser ablation of one of the cathode jets. A system with two jet electrodes was tested at a repetition rate of 1 to 5 kHz with dissipated electrical power up to 20 kW. Radiating spectra, time characteristics, and conversion efficiency are similar to conventional DPP schemes with rotating wheels. In the first experiments, the Ga:Sn eutectic alloy, which is liquid at room temperature, was circulating in a closed loop. The high velocity of the jets (30  m/s 30  m/s ) ensures a renewed electrode surface for every shot, for a repetition rate frequency of up to 30 to 50 kHz, and provides effective heat transportation from the discharge zone. Modeling and experiments demonstrate that the proposed scheme is able to dissipate up to 200 kW of electrical power without overheating the nozzles and tin surface. It was found that the flexible electrode configuration allows the channeling of essential parts of debris plasma in directions opposite to the EUV collector.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)021103-1-021103-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of micro/nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • METIS-313940
  • IR-98810


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