Nanometer-sized noble-metal clusters are fabricated on top of alkylthiolate self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on annealed gold by pulsed laser deposition at elevated pressures. The size distribution of the clusters depends on the metal and on the pressure during the deposition. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and conductive probe atomic force microscopy (CP-AFM) showed that the metal clusters are insulated from the substrate on top of the SAM. Coulomb blockades could be measured at room temperature by STM for palladium clusters on decanethiol SAMs.
Speets, E. A., Dordi, B., Ravoo, B. J., Oncel, N., Hallbäck, A. S. V. M., Zandvliet, H. J. W., ... Reinhoudt, D. (2005). Noble metal nanoparticles deposited on self-assembled monolayers using Pulsed Laser Deposition show coulomb blockade at room temperature. Small, 1(4), 395-398. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.200400126