Normal Zone Propagation in High-Current Density Nb3Sn Conductors for Accelerator Magnets

A. den Ouden, H. van Weeren, Wilhelm A.J. Wessel, Herman H.J. ten Kate, G.A. Kirby, N. Siegel, T. Taylor

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Self-absorbing quench protection schemes for accelerator magnets mainly rely on longitudinal and turn-to-turn normal zone propagation (NZP) immediately after the occurrence of a quench and subsequently on the effectiveness of protection heaters. Especially for impregnated Nb/sub 3/Sn coils the protection should not only aim at limitation of the hot spot temperature and internal voltages but also at avoidance of large temperature gradients and local stress accumulation. Considering Rutherford types of cable based on present high current density Nb/sub 3/Sn wires with a relatively low stabilizer content, a priori knowledge about their NZP properties is mandatory. Especially the medium and low-field properties appear to be critical for coil protection. The longitudinal NZP velocity of PIT-type Nb/sub 3/Sn conductors are investigated both experimentally and numerically in nearly adiabatic conditions typical for impregnated coils. Numerical simulations are extended to extremely high current density Nb/sub 3/Sn conductors and protection heater performance.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)279-282
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE transactions on applied superconductivity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • IR-50089
  • METIS-223312

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