Normalization of soleus H-reflex recruitment curves in controls and a population of spastic patients

A.A.J. Hilgevoord*, J.H.T.M. Koelman, L.J. Bour, B.W. Ongerboer de Visser

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We examined soleus H-reflex recruitment in 30 controls and 33 patients with spinal cord lesions and spastic spinal paresis. H-reflex gain and threshold were determined from recruitment curves after normalisation of stimulus intensity as a multiple of the current for a threshold M-response. Reflex gain was expressed as the mean slope of the H-reflex recruitment curve up to the half-maximal response size. Up to this point the curve follows an almost linear trajectory and will mainly reflect Ia afferent stimulation. This slope had a large variability but was clearly correlated with the H/M ratio. The mean gain was equal in controls and patients. The relation between H- and M-thresholds was expressed as a ratio which had a lower mean value in the patients. Though both H- and M-thresholds may be influenced by peripheral factors, this lower ratio suggests an increase in spinal motoneuron excitability in patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-208
Number of pages7
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology/ Evoked Potentials
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Reflex gain
  • Reflex threshold
  • Soleus H-reflex recruitments
  • Spasticity

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