Novel dispersion analysis and selective quantification of particulate components in graphene nanoplatelets–polymer–polymer hybrid composites

Velram Balaji Mohan*, Martijn Haalboom, Debes Bhattacharyya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Up until now, no standard procedure to analyze and quantify the dispersion of particles in the polymer matrix exists. From the conductive hybrid polymer–polymer–graphene nanoplatelets composites we developed, this article attempts to showcase methodologies to analyze and quantify particle with the use of scanning electron microscopy images and collection of the elemental maps of carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen by energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis. Image analysis was performed on the resulting map to extract the area and location data of graphene particles by subtracting elemental maps. Shadowing or charging problem in the images acquired from EDS was overcome by the polished surface and analyzing a sample twice using a novel approach of 180° opposed. Merging the data from the two elemental maps, taken 180° opposed, can be an alternative to the use of polished samples. From these different dispersion analysis approaches, it was possible to quantify different particles and their effects on the properties of the composites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number49296
JournalJournal of applied polymer science
Issue number42
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2020


  • composites
  • fullerenes
  • graphene
  • microscopy
  • nanocrystals
  • nanoparticles
  • nanotubes
  • nanowires
  • thermoplastics
  • n/a OA procedure

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