Nucleation and dynamics of bubbles/droplets in multicomponent liquids

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

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Abstract

Bubbles and droplets are ubiquitous on our planet. They are involved in many natural phenomena and industrial processes. In general, in practical situations, the formation of bubbles and droplets not only occurs in pure liquids, but also in binary or ternary liquids. In multicomponent liquids, diverse forces and effects play a role, such as thermophoresis, body forces originated from a density gradient. For the bubbles/droplets at the micro scale, solutal Marangoni forces become relevant as well. Moreover, the behavior of bubbles and droplets becomes even more complex if phase transitions occur in such systems, e.g., evaporation or the nucleation of a new phase, such as in the Ouzo effect. Over the past several years, bubbles/droplets in multicomponent systems received increasing attention due to their relevance for various applications and the occurrence of numerous counterintuitive phenomena. This thesis is focused on bubbles induced by plasmonic excitation and droplets generated through the Ouzo effect. We present a detailed study of the dynamics of their nucleation and growth in multicomponent systems.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Lohse, Detlef, Supervisor
  • Zandvliet, H.J.W., Supervisor
  • Wang, Yuliang, Co-Supervisor, External person
Thesis sponsors
Award date24 Sep 2021
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-365-5237-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Plasmonic bubbles
  • binary liquids
  • droplets
  • Ouzo effect

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