A computer model for a hot gas-fluidized bed has been developed. The theoretical description is based on a two-fluid model (TFM) approach in which both phases are considered to be continuous and fully interpenetrating. Local wall-to-bed heat-transfer coefficients have been calculated by the simultaneous solution of the TFM conservation of mass, momentum and thermal energy equations. Preliminary calculations suggest that the experimentally observed large wall-to-bed heat-transfer coefficients, frequently reported in literature, can be computed from the present hydrodynamic model with no turbulence. This implies that there is no need to explain these high transfer rates by additional heat transport mechanisms (by turbulence). The calculations clearly show the enhancement of the wall-to-bed heat-transfer process due to the bubble-induced bed-material refreshment along the heated wall. By providing detailed information on the local behavior of the wall-to-bed heat-transfer coefficients, the model distinguishes itself advantageously from previous theoretical models. Due to the vigorous solids circulation in the bubble wake, the local wall-to-bed heat-transfer coefficient is relatively large in the wake of the bubbles rising along a heated wall.
Kuipers, J. A. M., Prins, W., & van Swaaij, W. P. M. (1992). Numerical calculation of wall-to-bed heat transfer coefficients in gas-fluidized beds. AIChE journal, 38(7), 1079-1091. https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690380711