Numerical computation of tyre radiaion noise: a comparative study of different techniques

B. Karthik, B.K. Makwana, C. Patel, Dirk Bekke

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Increasingly stringent noise regulations concerning automotive vehicles particularly in Europe are forcing Tyre manufacturers as well as the automotive manufacturers to reduce radiated noise. With the future moving towards electric/hybrid vehicles, the ever present tyre noise will become more dominant. Even in the case of automotive engines running on fossil fuels, tyre noise dominates above speeds of 40 Km/h. Understanding the causes of tyre noise is the first step towards finding engineering solutions to reduce it. Numerical modelling can help the tyre engineer in understanding the causes of tyre-road noise with a design tool. In the present work, the noise radiated by the tyre surface is computed numerically using three different computational techniques. Both the time domain approach and the frequency domain approaches are used and the results are compared. The input structural vibrations are computed in ABAQUS (Ref. 1) and the results are then imported to LMSVirtual.Lab (Ref. 2) for further acoustic computations. As the main focus of this work is on the acoustic computations, only a brief description of the process involved in the structural vibration calculations is provided. In the present work, the “Horn effect” is inherently captured in the acoustic simulations. Two model tyres, viz., with tread pattern and with circumferential grooves is evaluated. The presence of tread leads to the phenomenon of stick slip and stick snap mechanisms contributing to the overall tyre noise. In addition, the motion of air through the grooves causes air pumping noise. It is to be noted that the structural vibration computations were performed on a rotating tyre that translated on a stationary road. In other words, the tyre underwent rotational as well as translational displacement. The acoustic computations are however performed on a stationary tyre model. One of the challenges addressed in the present work is the conversion of transient vibration results on a stationary acoustic mesh. The surface accelerations, required as boundary conditions, are converted to the frequency domain by the Fast Fourier Transformation for the Harmonic computations. The details of the structural models as well as the acoustic models and a short description of the techniques used in the computations of the radiated noise are described in the next section.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of NAFEMS UK Conference 2012
Place of PublicationLincolnshire
Pages1-4 (CDROM)
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2012
EventNAFEMS 2012 Conference, Lincolnshire, 30-31 May 2013 - Lincolnshire
Duration: 30 May 201231 May 2012


ConferenceNAFEMS 2012 Conference, Lincolnshire, 30-31 May 2013
Other30-05-2012 - 31-05-2012


  • IR-89098
  • METIS-285939

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