Numerical Exploration of Ferrofluid Magnetic Refrigeration based on Convection Principles

Evthimios C.J. Karaliolios, Daniel De La Cuesta De Cal, Mina Shahi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


    Magnetic refrigeration is identified as a candidate to replace the dominant vapor compression cycle. To maximize the surface area of the magnetocaloric material, ferrofluids are useful and can be used simultaneously as refrigerant and heat source. Additionally, a combination with convection principles is sought to establish a self-pumping system. After validation of the numerical model, a linear gradient magnetic field Bmax of 1.5 T is applied over a 2D horizontal concentric annulus with L/D-ratio = 0.125. Bulk fluid assumption is used to predict the adiabatic temperature rise Tad in the Gadolinium - kerosene ferrofluid. A linear behavior is found for Tad, with Tad,max being 0.32 K for a volume fraction of 5%. Simulations show that thermomagnetic convection is the dominant principle as it strongly outweighs natural convection. This is underlined by the reformulated magnetic Rayleigh number, which is a factor 105 larger than the Rayleigh number.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThermag 2018 - 8th International Conference on Caloric Cooling
    PublisherInternational Institute of Refrigeration
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Electronic)9782362150289
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
    Event8th International Conference on Caloric Cooling, Thermag 2018 - Darmstadt, Germany
    Duration: 16 Sept 201820 Sept 2018
    Conference number: 8


    Conference8th International Conference on Caloric Cooling, Thermag 2018
    Abbreviated titleThermag 2018
    Internet address


    • Adiabatic Temperature Rise
    • Convection
    • Ferrofluid
    • Kelvin Body Force
    • Magnetic
    • Magnetic Rayleigh Number.
    • Magnetocaloric Effect
    • Natural
    • Refrigeration
    • Thermomagnetic


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