Numerical investigation on the elastic modulus of rubber-like materials by a rigid ball indentation technique

Budi Setiyana*, Sugiyanto, J. Jamari, M. Khafidh

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)


    The indentation technique has been practically proven to be useful in determining mechanical properties of materials, such as hardness and elastic modulus for rubber-like materials (elastomers). However, tensile test method is often conducted because of obtaining the mechanical strength in addition to the elastic modulus of the elastomer. In this paper, a numerical study is proposed to investigate the elastic modulus of the elastomer by applying Finite Element Analysis (FEA). With the availability of Strain Energy Function (SEF) data from the material testing, the investigation is carried out by indentation technique for Natural Rubber (NR) and Styrene Butadiene Rubber (SBR). On the rubber surface, a rigid ball indenter is pressed under specified indentation force and the contact depth resulted is observed. Based on the ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) formulation, the elastic modulus from the indentation technique can be estimated. In general, results show that the elastic modulus obtained from the indentation technique agree with the tensile test results. Thus, the proposed numerical method is validly applied in determining the elastic modulus.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number07002
    JournalMATEC Web of Conferences
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2018
    Event2018 International Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Conference, IMIEC 2018 - Malang, Indonesia
    Duration: 30 Aug 201831 Aug 2018


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