Numerical modelling of combined erosion and weathering of slopes in weak rock

Marco Huisman, J.D. Nieuwenhuis, H.R.G.K. Hack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Due to various decay processes associated with weathering, the stability of artificial slopes in weak rocks may be affected well within their envisaged engineering lifetime. Conceptually, the decay following the initial stress release after excavation can be described as a process seeking equilibrium between weathering and erosion. The extent to which such an equilibrium is actually reached influences the outcome of the weathering-erosion decay process as well as the effects that the decay has on the geotechnical properties of the exposed rock mass, and thus ultimately the stability of slopes affected by erosion and weathering. This paper combines two conceptual models for erosion and weathering, and derives a numerical model which predicts the resulting slope development. This can help to predict the development of a slope profile excavated in a weak rock in time, and can be extended with the addition of strength parameters to the weathering profile to enable prediction of slope stability as a function of time
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1705-1714
JournalEarth surface processes and landforms
Volume36
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • METIS-302814
  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE

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