This article analyzes the combined effect of surface texturing and wall slip on the load-carrying capacity of parallel sliding systems. A new modified Reynolds equation with slip is proposed, based on the critical shear stress model, to reveal the hydrodynamic load-carrying capacity. A range of parameters such as texturing zone, texture cell aspect ratio, critical shear stress, and slip length are analyzed. It is shown that the optimal texturing zone length oscillates around 75% of the slider length. A slight shift of the optimized texturing zone toward the inlet of the contact is observed when the critical shear stress is increased. The numerical analysis also shows that there is a unique threshold value of the critical shear stress for every texture cell aspect ratio. When this ratio is increased, the threshold value increases, thus influencing the slip considerably. Slip has a positive effect on the load-carrying capacity for critical shear stress lower than the threshold value, whereas it has no effect on higher values. It is also found that in comparison with a solely textured surface, the load-carrying capacity of the combined textured/wall slip pattern can be increased by around 300% using the optimized slip parameters.