Numerical study on turbulence modulation of finite-size particles in plane-Couette flow

Cheng Wang, Linfeng Jiang*, Chao Sun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Turbulent plane-Couette flow suspended with finite-size spheroidal particles is studied using fully particle-resolved direct numerical simulations. The effects of particle aspect ratio on turbulent arguments and particle statistics are explored, leading to the same conclusions as the previous experimental findings (Wang et al., J. Fluid Mech., vol. 937, 2022, A15). By performing stress analysis, we find that the presence of particles introduces extra stresses to the system and accounts for the global drag increases. The particle-laden flow cases exhibit spectra that are consistent with the scalings and in the large and small scales, respectively. While the scaling observed in the particle-laden flow is reminiscent of bubbly flow, an examination of the particle Reynolds number suggests that the mechanism responsible may not be attributable to the pseudo-turbulence induced by particles as in the case of bubbles. In the view of particle statistics, we observe that spherical and non-spherical particles cluster preferentially in the near-wall and the bulk region, respectively, and that the orientations of non-spherical particles are affected by their aspect ratios, especially in the near-wall region. The present numerical results, combined with previous experimental findings in Wang et al. (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 937, 2022, A15), provide in-depth information on both the fluid and the particle phase, contributing to a better understanding of particle suspension in shear flows.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA7
JournalJournal of fluid mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2023


  • particle/fluid flows
  • shear layer turbulence
  • turbulent convection
  • 2023 OA procedure


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