Nylon 6 polymerization in the solid state

R.J. Gaymans, John Amirtharaj, Henk Kamp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

61 Citations (Scopus)
555 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The postcondensation of nylon 6 in the solid state was studied. The reactions were carried out on fine powder in a fluidized bed reactor in a stream of dry nitrogen in the temperature range 110-205°C and during 1-24 h. The solid-state polymerization (SSP) did not follow melt kinetics, but was found to be limited by the diffusion of the autocatalyzing acid chain end group. Factors thought to influence SSP were studied, e.g., heat treatment, starting molecular weight, and remelting. Surprisningly, heat treatment had little effect, but the starting molecular weight had a strong effect on the reaction rate. The higher the starting molecular weight, the faster the reaction. This could be explained as a changing concentration distribution of the reactive groups in the solid state on SSP. The kinetics of the SSP had more than one region, and the rate of reaction for conversions of over 30% could be expressed as - dc/dt = k(c/t), where k is a dimensionless constant independent of temperature with a value of 0.28. The integrated form has the form - In(c/co) = k In(t/), where co is the acid end-group concentration at the start, t is the reaction time, and is the induction time. The value of is both dependent on the starting concentration co and the reaction temperature and has an activation energy of 105 kJ/mol.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)2513-2526
JournalJournal of applied polymer science
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1982

Keywords

  • IR-70796

Cite this

Gaymans, R.J. ; Amirtharaj, John ; Kamp, Henk. / Nylon 6 polymerization in the solid state. In: Journal of applied polymer science. 1982 ; Vol. 27, No. 7. pp. 2513-2526.
@article{c18bd21086fb4fe3b28b325b72a9bddd,
title = "Nylon 6 polymerization in the solid state",
abstract = "The postcondensation of nylon 6 in the solid state was studied. The reactions were carried out on fine powder in a fluidized bed reactor in a stream of dry nitrogen in the temperature range 110-205°C and during 1-24 h. The solid-state polymerization (SSP) did not follow melt kinetics, but was found to be limited by the diffusion of the autocatalyzing acid chain end group. Factors thought to influence SSP were studied, e.g., heat treatment, starting molecular weight, and remelting. Surprisningly, heat treatment had little effect, but the starting molecular weight had a strong effect on the reaction rate. The higher the starting molecular weight, the faster the reaction. This could be explained as a changing concentration distribution of the reactive groups in the solid state on SSP. The kinetics of the SSP had more than one region, and the rate of reaction for conversions of over 30{\%} could be expressed as - dc/dt = k(c/t), where k is a dimensionless constant independent of temperature with a value of 0.28. The integrated form has the form - In(c/co) = k In(t/), where co is the acid end-group concentration at the start, t is the reaction time, and is the induction time. The value of is both dependent on the starting concentration co and the reaction temperature and has an activation energy of 105 kJ/mol.",
keywords = "IR-70796",
author = "R.J. Gaymans and John Amirtharaj and Henk Kamp",
year = "1982",
doi = "10.1002/app.1982.070270721",
language = "Undefined",
volume = "27",
pages = "2513--2526",
journal = "Journal of applied polymer science",
issn = "0021-8995",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "7",

}

Gaymans, RJ, Amirtharaj, J & Kamp, H 1982, 'Nylon 6 polymerization in the solid state', Journal of applied polymer science, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 2513-2526. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1982.070270721

Nylon 6 polymerization in the solid state. / Gaymans, R.J.; Amirtharaj, John; Kamp, Henk.

In: Journal of applied polymer science, Vol. 27, No. 7, 1982, p. 2513-2526.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nylon 6 polymerization in the solid state

AU - Gaymans, R.J.

AU - Amirtharaj, John

AU - Kamp, Henk

PY - 1982

Y1 - 1982

N2 - The postcondensation of nylon 6 in the solid state was studied. The reactions were carried out on fine powder in a fluidized bed reactor in a stream of dry nitrogen in the temperature range 110-205°C and during 1-24 h. The solid-state polymerization (SSP) did not follow melt kinetics, but was found to be limited by the diffusion of the autocatalyzing acid chain end group. Factors thought to influence SSP were studied, e.g., heat treatment, starting molecular weight, and remelting. Surprisningly, heat treatment had little effect, but the starting molecular weight had a strong effect on the reaction rate. The higher the starting molecular weight, the faster the reaction. This could be explained as a changing concentration distribution of the reactive groups in the solid state on SSP. The kinetics of the SSP had more than one region, and the rate of reaction for conversions of over 30% could be expressed as - dc/dt = k(c/t), where k is a dimensionless constant independent of temperature with a value of 0.28. The integrated form has the form - In(c/co) = k In(t/), where co is the acid end-group concentration at the start, t is the reaction time, and is the induction time. The value of is both dependent on the starting concentration co and the reaction temperature and has an activation energy of 105 kJ/mol.

AB - The postcondensation of nylon 6 in the solid state was studied. The reactions were carried out on fine powder in a fluidized bed reactor in a stream of dry nitrogen in the temperature range 110-205°C and during 1-24 h. The solid-state polymerization (SSP) did not follow melt kinetics, but was found to be limited by the diffusion of the autocatalyzing acid chain end group. Factors thought to influence SSP were studied, e.g., heat treatment, starting molecular weight, and remelting. Surprisningly, heat treatment had little effect, but the starting molecular weight had a strong effect on the reaction rate. The higher the starting molecular weight, the faster the reaction. This could be explained as a changing concentration distribution of the reactive groups in the solid state on SSP. The kinetics of the SSP had more than one region, and the rate of reaction for conversions of over 30% could be expressed as - dc/dt = k(c/t), where k is a dimensionless constant independent of temperature with a value of 0.28. The integrated form has the form - In(c/co) = k In(t/), where co is the acid end-group concentration at the start, t is the reaction time, and is the induction time. The value of is both dependent on the starting concentration co and the reaction temperature and has an activation energy of 105 kJ/mol.

KW - IR-70796

U2 - 10.1002/app.1982.070270721

DO - 10.1002/app.1982.070270721

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 2513

EP - 2526

JO - Journal of applied polymer science

JF - Journal of applied polymer science

SN - 0021-8995

IS - 7

ER -