Object-oriented identification of forested landslides with derivatives of single pulse LiDAR data

M. van den Eeckhaut, N. Kerle, J. Poesen, J. Hervas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

103 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In contrast to the many studies that use expert-based analysis of LiDAR derivatives for landslide mapping in forested terrain, only few studies have attempted to develop (semi-)automatic methods for extracting landslides from LiDAR derivatives. While all these studies are pixel-based, it has not yet been tested whether object-oriented analysis (OOA) could be an alternative. This study investigates the potential of OOA using only single-pulse LiDAR derivatives, such as slope gradient, roughness and curvature to map landslides. More specifically, the focus is on both LiDAR data segmentation and classification of slow-moving landslides in densely vegetated areas, where spectral data do not allow accurate landslide identification. A multistage procedure has been developed and tested in the Flemish Ardennes (Belgium). The procedure consists of (1) image binarization and multiresolution segmentation, (2) classification of landslide parts (main scarps and landslide body segments) and non-landslide features (i.e. earth banks and cropland fields) with supervised support vector machines at the appropriate scale, (3) delineation of landslide flanks, (4) growing of a landslide body starting from its main scarp, and (5) final cleaning of the inventory map. The results obtained show that OOA using LiDAR derivatives allows recognition and characterization of profound morphologic properties of forested deep-seated landslides on soil-covered hillslopes, because more than 90% of the main scarps and 70% of the landslide bodies of an expert-based inventory were accurately identified with OOA. For mountainous areas with bedrock, on the other hand, creation of a transferable model is expected to be more difficult
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-42
JournalGeomorphology
Volume173-174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • METIS-294015
  • IR-96815

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Object-oriented identification of forested landslides with derivatives of single pulse LiDAR data'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this