Objective and subjective predictors of perceived cleanliness in train stations

Martijn C. Vos*, Mark Van Hagen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
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Cleanliness is one of the key determinants of overall customer satisfaction in train stations. Customers' perception of cleanliness is not limited to cleaning only but depends on multiple predictors. A better understanding of these predictors may contribute to the optimisation of perceived cleanliness in train stations. The current study was designed to examine how objective predictors (measures of cleaning quality), subjective predictors (e.g., customers' perception of lighting, scent, staff), and demographic variables relate to perceived cleanliness in train stations. Data on cleaning quality were gathered by trained cleaning inspectors and data on subjective predictors of cleanliness were obtained through surveys collected at 25 train stations in the Netherlands (N = 19.206). Data were examined using correlation and regression analysis. Positive and significant correlates of perceived cleanliness in train stations were found, including: perception of scent, lighting, colour, and staff. In regression analysis, customers' perception of scent and lighting appeared to be powerful predictors of perceived cleanliness. These findings underline that customers' perception of cleanliness is not only influenced by cleaning quality, but also by other predictors, such as scent, lighting, colour, and staff behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-117
Number of pages9
JournalTransportation research procedia
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event46th European Transport Conference, ETC 2018 - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 10 Oct 201812 Oct 2018
Conference number: 46


  • Customer experience
  • Customer satisfaction
  • Lighting
  • Perceived cleanliness
  • Predictors
  • Scent
  • Train stations

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