On-chip microwave photonic beamformer circuits operating with phase modulation and direct detection

Leimeng Zhuang, Marcel Hoekman, Caterina Taddei, Arne Leinse, René G. Heideman, Adriaan Hulzinga, Jaco Verpoorte, Ruud M. Oldenbeuving, Paulus W.L. van Dijk, Klaus-J. Boller, Chris G.H. Roeloffzen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate the working principles of two novel microwave photonic (MWP) beamformer circuits operating with phase modulation (PM) and direct detection (DD). The proposed circuits incorporate two major signal processing functionalities, namely a broadband beamforming network employing ring resonator-based delay lines and an optical sideband manipulator that renders the circuit outputs equivalent to those of intensity-modulated MWP beamformers. These functionalities allow the system to employ low-circuit-complexity modulators and detectors, which brings significant benefits on the system construction cost and operation stability. The functionalities of the proposed MWP beamformer circuits were verified in experimental demonstrations performed on two sample circuits realized in Si3N4/SiO2 waveguide technology. The measurements exhibit a 2 × 1 beamforming effect for an instantaneous RF transmission band of 3‒7 GHz, which is, to our best knowledge, the first verification of on-chip MWP beamformer circuits operating with PM and DD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17079-17091
Number of pages13
JournalOptics express
Volume22
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2014

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