In this paper, we consider a d-node GI|GI|1 tandem queue with i.i.d. inter-arrival process and service processes that are independent of each other. Our main interest is to estimate the probability to reach a high level N in a busy cycle of the system using simulation. As crude simulation does not give a sufficient precision in reasonable time, we use importance sampling. We introduce a method to find a state-independent change of measure and we show that this is equivalent to a change of measure that was earlier, but implicitly, described by Parekh and Walrand . We also show that this change of measure is the only exponential state-independent change of measure that may result in an asymptotically efficient estimator. Lastly, we provide necessary conditions for this state-independent change of measure to give an asymptotically efficient estimator.
|Number of pages||26|
|Journal||Probability in the engineering and informational sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Nov 2018|
- Tandem queue
- Rare event simulation
- Importance sampling
- GI|GI|1 queue