This paper analyzes the performance of several Received Signal Strength (RSS) based localization methods as a function of the calibration effort, hence as a function of deployment and maintenance costs. The deployment and maintenance costs determine the scalability and thus the applicability of a localization algorithm, and this is still a topic of research. This paper analyzes and compares the best available localization algorithms of the following localization methods: fingerprinting-, range- and proximity-based localization. An extensive amount of RSS measurements, performed in a realistic indoor environment show that range-based algorithms outperform fingerprinting and proximity-based localization algorithms when there is a limited amount of calibration measurements available. In that case, range-based algorithms have ~30% smaller errors, ~1.3 meter compared to ~1.9 meter. Our measurements show that fingerprinting-based algorithms approximate the performance of range-based algorithms as the number of calibration measurements increases from 1 to 80.
|Publisher||IEEE Computer Society|
|Conference||Internet of Things, IOT 2010, Tokyo, Japan|
|Period||29/11/10 → …|
- Signal Strength
- EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/215923
- Wireless Sensor Network