## Abstract

In the Anchored Rectangle Packing (ARP) problem, we are given a set of points P in the unit square [0, 1]^{2} and seek a maximum-area set of axis-aligned interior-disjoint rectangles S, each of which is anchored at a point p ∈ P. In the most prominent variant – Lower-Left-Anchored Rectangle Packing (LLARP) – rectangles are anchored in their lower-left corner. Freedman [19, Unsolved Problem 11, page 345] conjectured in 1969 that, if (0, 0) ∈ P, then there is a LLARP that covers an area of at least 0.5. Somewhat surprisingly, this conjecture remains open to this day, with the best known result covering an area of 0.091 [11]. Maybe even more surprisingly, it is not known whether LLARP – or any ARP-problem with only one anchor – is NP-hard. In this work, we first study the Center-Anchored Rectangle Packing (CARP) problem, where rectangles are anchored in their center. We prove NP-hardness and provide a PTAS. In fact, our PTAS applies to any ARP problem where the anchor lies in the interior of the rectangles. Afterwards, we turn to the LLARP problem and investigate two different resource-augmentation settings: In the first we allow an ε-perturbation of the input P, whereas in the second we permit an ε-overlap between rectangles. For the former setting, we give an algorithm that covers at least as much area as an optimal solution of the original problem. For the latter, we give an (1 − ε)-approximation.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2019 |

Editors | Michael A. Bender, Ola Svensson, Grzegorz Herman |

Publisher | Dagstuhl |

Pages | 1-14 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9783959771245 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Sep 2019 |

Event | 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2019 - Munich/Garching, Germany Duration: 9 Sep 2019 → 11 Sep 2019 Conference number: 27 |

### Publication series

Name | Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics, LIPIcs |
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Volume | 144 |

ISSN (Print) | 1868-8969 |

### Conference

Conference | 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms, ESA 2019 |
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Country/Territory | Germany |

City | Munich/Garching |

Period | 9/09/19 → 11/09/19 |

## Keywords

- Anchored rectangle
- Hardness
- NP
- PTAS
- Rectangle packing
- Resource augmentation