On the efficient control of series-parallel compliant articulated robots

Vishnu Dev Amara, Jorn Malzahn, Zeyu Ren, Wesley Roozing, Nikos Tsagarakis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Torque distribution in redundant robots that combine the potential of asymmetric series-parallel actuated branches and multi-articulation pose a non-trivial challenge. To address the problem, this work proposes a novel optimization based controller that can accommodate various quadratic criteria to perform the torque distribution among dissimilar series and parallel actuators in order to maximize the motion efficiency. Three candidate criteria are composed and their performances are compared during periodic squat motions with a 3 degree of freedom series-parallel compliant articulated leg prototype. It is first shown that by minimizing a criterion that takes into account the actuator hardware specifications such as torque constant and transmission ratio, the gravity-driven phases can be lengthened. Thereby, this particular criterion results in slightly better performance than when adopting a strategy that maximizes the torque allocation to the higher efficiency actuators. Furthermore, valuable insights such as that the efficacy of maximum utilization of the highly-efficient parallel actuation branches decreases progressively at high frequencies were observed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-7395-5
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2020
EventInternational Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2020 - Virtual Conference, Paris, France
Duration: 31 May 202031 Aug 2020


ConferenceInternational Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2020
Abbreviated titleICRA 2020
Internet address


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