On the kinetics between CO2 and alkanolamines both in aqueous and non-aqueous solutions—II. Tertiary amines

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Abstract

The reaction between CO2 and tertiary alkanolamines (MDEA, DMMEA, TREA) has been studied in aqueous solutions at various temperatures. Also the absorption of CO2 in a solution of MDEA in ethanol has been studied. Reaction kinetics have been established by chemically enhanced mass transfer of CO2 into the various solutions. The experiments were performed in a stirred vessel with a horizontal interface which appeared to the eye to be completely smooth. The reaction of CO2 with tertiary amines can be described satisfactorily with the base-catalysis mechanism proposed by Donaldson and Nguyen (1980). Also attention has been paid to the influence of reversibility and small amounts of impurities (primary and secondary amines) on the measured mass transfer rate. For the reaction rate constant, k2, of the reaction between carbon dioxide and tertiary amines exists a Brønsted relation. There is a linear relation between the logarithm of k2 and pKa at 293 K.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)587-591
JournalChemical engineering science
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988

Keywords

  • IR-70154

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