An overview is given of the many applications that nm-thin pure boron (PureB) layers can have when deposited on semiconductors such as Si, Ge, and GaN. The application that has been researched in most detail is the fabrication of nm-shallow p + n-like Si diode junctions that are both electrically and chemically very robust. They are presently used commercially in photodiode detectors for extremeultraviolet (EUV) lithography and scanning-electron-microscopy (SEM) systems. By using chemicalvapor deposition (CVD) or molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) to deposit the B, PureB diodes have been fabricated at temperatures from an optimal 700 °C to as low as 50 °C, making them both front- and back-end-of-line CMOS compatible. On Ge, near-ideal p + n-like diodes were fabricated by covering a wetting layer of Ga with a PureB capping layer (PureGaB). For GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs), an Al-on-PureB gate stack was developed that promises to be a robust alternative to the conventional Ni-Au gates. In MEMS processing, PureB is a resilient nm-thin masking layer for Si micromachining with tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide (TMAH) or potassium hydroxide (KOH), and low-stress PureB membranes have also been demonstrated.
- Molecular beam epitaxy (MBE)
- Silicon micromachining
- Pure boron
- Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) (deposition)
- 2023 OA procedure