On the Mixed Gas Behavior of Organosilica Membranes Fabricated by Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD)

Jens Rubner, Soukaina Skribbe, Hannah Roth, Lara Kleines, Rainer Dahlmann, Matthias Wessling*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Selective, nanometer-thin organosilica layers created by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) exhibit selective gas permeation behavior. Despite their promising pure gas performance, published data with regard to mixed gas behavior are still severely lacking. This study endeavors to close this gap by investigating the pure and mixed gas behavior depending on temperatures from 0 °C to 60 °C for four gases (helium, methane, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen) and water vapor. For the two permanent gases, helium and methane, the studied organosilica membrane shows a substantial increase in selectivity from αHe/CH4 = 9 at 0 °C to αHe/CH4 = 40 at 60 °C for pure as well as mixed gases with helium permeance of up to 300 GPU. In contrast, a condensable gas such as CO2 leads to a decrease in selectivity and an increase in permeance compared to its pure gas performance. When water vapor is present in the feed gas, the organosilica membrane shows even stronger deviations from pure gas behavior with a permeance loss of about 60 % accompanied by an increase in ideal selectivity αHe/CO2 from 8 to 13. All in all, the studied organosilica membrane shows very promising results for mixed gases. Especially for elevated temperatures, there is a high potential for separation by size exclusion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number994
JournalMembranes
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gas separation
  • Mixed gas permeation
  • Mixed gas selectivity
  • Organosilica membrane
  • Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition

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