Calcium sulfonate complex greases have excellent extreme pressure, antiwear, and anticorrosion properties and are widely applied in rolling bearings, particularly in humid environments. In this article, the shear stability of dry and water-contaminated lubricating calcium sulfonate complex greases is described using a novel aging method. Unlike lithium and polyurea greases, no shear softening is observed for the dry greases due to the good mechanical stability of the particle-like thickener structure. For water-contaminated greases, no water separation was found during the prolonged aging. Instead, a homogeneous water–calcium sulfonate thickener micellar structure is generated. These micelles function as apparent thickeners and effectively increase the thickener concentration, which thickens the grease. This may explain why calcium sulfonate complex grease has excellent water absorption properties.
- water contamination
- Grease application