Online measurement of oxygen consumption by goat bone marrow stromal cells in a combined cell-seeding and proliferation perfusion bioreactor

F.W. Janssen, I. Hofland, A. van Oorschot, J. Oostra, H. Peters, C.A. van Blitterswijk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In an effort to produce clinically useful volumes of tissue engineered bone products, a direct perfusion bioreactor system was developed. Perfusion flow rate, flow direction, and the position of the bioreactor are factors that influenced the amounts and homogeneity of the cells seeded on the scaffold surface. Goat bone marrow stromal cells (GBMSCs) were dynamically seeded and proliferated in this system in relevant volumes (10 cm3) of small-sized macroporous biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) scaffolds (2-6 mm). Cell load and cell distribution were shown using Methylene Blue block staining, and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) staining was used to demonstrate the viability of the cells. Although cells were not distributed homogenously after cell seeding, the scaffolds were covered with a viable, homogeneous cell layer after 25 days of cultivation. The hybrid structures became interconnected, and a dense layer of extracellular matrix formed on and in the scaffolds. Online oxygen measurements during cultivation were correlated with proliferating GBMSCs. It was shown that the oxygen consumption could possibly be used to estimate GBMSC population doubling times during growth in this bioreactor system. On the basis of our results, we conclude that a direct perfusion bioreactor system is capable of seeding and proliferating GBMSCs on BCP ceramic scaffolds that can be monitored online during cultivation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-348
JournalJournal of biomedical materials research. Part A
Volume79A
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Cell seeding
  • Bone marrow stromal cells
  • Bioreactor
  • MSC
  • Online measurement
  • Bone tissue engineering

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