Shapero's four factor model for the motivation of entrepreneurship formed the theoretical backbone of a study among 178 knowledge intensive companies, all spin-off of the University of Twente. Each of the companies completed a questionnaire that amongst others contained 12 items with respect to the Shapero construct. Factor analysis revealed that the factors as such were not to be identified as such, but fitted into a concept proposed by Tesfaye. He theorised that there are three types of opportunities: (a) opportunity - resource compatibility, (b) opportunity - market compatibility, and (c) opportunity - person compatibility. Our questionnaire operationalises for a large part this theoretical concept. It is concluded that more research is needed to construct a valid questionnaire to measure "opportunity" as a motivator for entrepreneurship.
|Published - 2003