Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) are the most frequently used stem cells in tissue engineering. Due to major clinical demands, it is necessary to find an optimally safe and efficient way for large-scale expansion of these cells. Considering the nutritional source in the culture medium and method, this study aimed to analyze the effects of FBS- and PL-supplemented media on osteogenesis in stem cell mono- and co-cultures with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Results showed that cell metabolic activity and proliferation increased in PL- compared to FBS-supplemented media in mono- and co-cultures for both BM-MSCs and AT-MSCs. In addition, calcium deposition was cell type dependent and decreased for BM-MSCs but increased for AT-MSCs in PL-supplemented medium in both mono- and co-cultures. Based on the effects of co-cultures, BM-MSCs/HUVECs enhanced osteogenesis compared to BM-MSCs monocultures in both FBS- and PL-supplemented media whereas AT-MSCs/HUVECs showed similar results compared to AT-MSCs monocultures.
|Journal||Journal of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Jan 2015|