Outcomes After Drug-Coated Balloon Treatment of Femoropopliteal Lesions in Patients With Critical Limb Ischemia: A Post Hoc Analysis From the IN.PACT Global Study

Michel M.P.J. Reijnen*, Iris van Wijck, Thomas Zeller, Antonio Micari, Pierfrancesco Veroux, Koen Keirse, Seung Whan Lee, Pei Li, Despina Voulgaraki, Suzanne Holewijn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Purpose: To report a post hoc analysis performed to evaluate 1-year safety and efficacy of the IN.PACT Admiral drug-coated balloon (DCB) for the treatment of femoropopliteal lesions in subjects with critical limb ischemia (CLI) enrolled in the IN.PACT Global study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01609296). Materials and Methods: Of 1535 subjects enrolled in the study, 156 participants (mean age 71.8±10.4; 87 men) with CLI (Rutherford categories 4,5) were treated with DCB angioplasty in 194 femoropopliteal lesions. This cohort was compared to the 1246 subjects (mean age 68.2±10.0 years; 864 men) with intermittent claudication (IC) treated for 1573 lesions. The CLI cohort had longer lesions (13.9±10.6 vs 11.9±9.4 cm, p=0.009) and a higher calcification rate (76.8% vs 67.7%, p=0.011). Major adverse events [MAE; composite of all-cause mortality, clinically-driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR), major (above-ankle) target limb amputation, and thrombosis at the target lesion site], lesion and vessel revascularization rates, and EuroQol-5D were assessed through 1 year. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival, CD-TLR, and amputation events; estimates are presented with the 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Estimates of 12-month freedom from major target limb amputation were 98.6% (95% CI 96.7% to 100.0%) in subjects with CLI and 99.9% (95% CI 99.8% to 100.0%) in subjects with IC (p=0.002). Freedom from CD-TLR through 12 months was 86.3% (95% CI 80.6% to 91.9%) in CLI subjects and 93.4% (95% CI 91.9% to 94.8%) in IC subjects (p<0.001). The MAE rate through 12 months was higher in CLI subjects (22.5% vs 10.7%, p<0.001), and CLI patients had poorer overall survival (93.0%, 95% CI 88.9% to 97.2%) than IC subjects (97.0%, 95% CI 96.0% to 97.9%, p=0.011). Health status significantly improved in all domains at 6 and 12 months in both groups. Conclusion: Treatment of femoropopliteal disease with DCB in CLI patients is safe through 12-month follow-up, with a low major amputation rate of 1.4%. The rates of MAE and CD-TLR were higher in CLI subjects and reinterventions were required sooner. Additional research is needed to evaluate long-term outcomes of DCB treatment for femoropopliteal lesions in CLI patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-315
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Volume26
Issue number3
Early online date1 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Claudication
  • Critical limb ischemia
  • Drug-coated balloon
  • Femoropopliteal segment
  • Limb salvage
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Popliteal artery
  • Stenosis
  • Superficial femoral artery
  • Target lesion revascularization
  • Amputation

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