Over the Top: Dutch Right-Wing Extremist Parties in the Elections of 1994

J.J.M. van Holsteyn, C.E. Mudde

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6 Citations (Scopus)


In 1994 three elections were held in the Netherlands. For a time it seemed that the right-wing extremist parties were destined to break out of their marginal position. However, after these three elections, in terms of electoral support they ended up where they had started. The variation in electoral support for these parties can only in part be attributed to developments within the parties and the (negative) publicity these developments incited in the media. An alternative explanation based upon protest voting and the theory of first and second-order elections appears more promising.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)127-134
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • IR-61352

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