Oxygen transport kinetics of the misfit layered oxide Ca3Co4O9+d

V. Thoréton, Y. Hu, C. Pirovano, E. Capoen, N. Nuns, A.S. Mamede, G. Dezanneau, C.-Y. Yoo, H.J.M. Bouwmeester, R.N. Vannier

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The oxygen transport kinetics of the misfit-layered cobaltite, Ca3Co4O9+d, known for its thermoelectric properties, was investigated by combined application of 18O/16O isotope exchange and electrical conductivity relaxation techniques. Although oxygen diffusion is found to be two orders of magnitude lower than in well-investigated lanthanum nickelates, e.g., La2NiO4+d, the mixed ionic–electronic conductor Ca3Co4O9+d is found to exhibit fast surface exchange kinetics (k* ¼ 1.6 10 7 cm s 1 at 700 C to be compared to 1.3 10 7 cm s 1 for the nickelate), rendering it a promising electrode for application as an air electrode in solid oxide cells. In parallel, the chemical nature of the outermost surface of Ca3Co4O9+d was characterized by means of Low Energy Ion Scattering (LEIS) spectroscopy. The absence of cobalt at the sample's outermost surface suggests that the Ca2CoO3 d rock salt layers in the structure may play a key role in the oxygen exchange mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19717-19725
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number46
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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