Packed Bed Reactor Technology for Chemical-Looping Combustion

S. Noorman, M. van Sint Annaland, J.A.M. Kuipers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Chemical-looping combustion (CLC) has emerged as an alternative for conventional power production processes to intrinsically integrate power production and CO2 capture. In this work a new reactor concept for CLC is proposed, based on dynamically operated packed bed reactors. With analytical expressions validated with a more detailed numerical model, it is demonstrated that a constant, very high temperature air stream can be generated efficiently using packed bed CLC reactors to drive a downstream gas turbine. The process consists of alternate oxidation and reduction cycles, intermittently alternated with short periods of mild fluidization of the bed after each cycle to level off temperature and concentration profiles. Oxygen carriers based on nickel, iron, and manganese oxide show the highest potential for use in packed bed CLC. Compared to the interconnected fluidized bed system proposed in the literature (Lyngfelt, A.; Leckner, B.; Mattisson, T. A fluidized-bed combustion process with inherent CO2 separation; application of chemical-looping combustion
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)4212-4220
    JournalIndustrial and engineering chemistry research
    Volume46
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Keywords

    • METIS-245339
    • IR-68771

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