TY - UNPB

T1 - Partitioned Matching Games for International Kidney Exchange

AU - Benedek, Márton

AU - Biró, Péter

AU - Kern, Walter

AU - Pálvölgyi, Dömötör

AU - Paulusma, Daniël

PY - 2023/1/30

Y1 - 2023/1/30

N2 - We introduce partitioned matching games as a suitable model for international kidney exchange programmes, where in each round the total number of available kidney transplants needs to be distributed amongst the participating countries in a "fair" way. A partitioned matching game $(N,v)$ is defined on a graph $G=(V,E)$ with an edge weighting $w$ and a partition $V=V_1 \cup \dots \cup V_n$. The player set is $N = \{1, \dots, n\}$, and player $p \in N$ owns the vertices in $V_p$. The value $v(S)$ of a coalition $S \subseteq N$ is the maximum weight of a matching in the subgraph of $G$ induced by the vertices owned by the players in $S$. If $|V_p|=1$ for all $p\in N$, then we obtain the classical matching game. Let $c=\max\{|V_p| \; |\; 1\leq p\leq n\}$ be the width of $(N,v)$. We prove that checking core non-emptiness is polynomial-time solvable if $c\leq 2$ but co-NP-hard if $c\leq 3$. We do this via pinpointing a relationship with the known class of $b$-matching games and completing the complexity classification on testing core non-emptiness for $b$-matching games. With respect to our application, we prove a number of complexity results on choosing, out of possibly many optimal solutions, one that leads to a kidney transplant distribution that is as close as possible to some prescribed fair distribution.

AB - We introduce partitioned matching games as a suitable model for international kidney exchange programmes, where in each round the total number of available kidney transplants needs to be distributed amongst the participating countries in a "fair" way. A partitioned matching game $(N,v)$ is defined on a graph $G=(V,E)$ with an edge weighting $w$ and a partition $V=V_1 \cup \dots \cup V_n$. The player set is $N = \{1, \dots, n\}$, and player $p \in N$ owns the vertices in $V_p$. The value $v(S)$ of a coalition $S \subseteq N$ is the maximum weight of a matching in the subgraph of $G$ induced by the vertices owned by the players in $S$. If $|V_p|=1$ for all $p\in N$, then we obtain the classical matching game. Let $c=\max\{|V_p| \; |\; 1\leq p\leq n\}$ be the width of $(N,v)$. We prove that checking core non-emptiness is polynomial-time solvable if $c\leq 2$ but co-NP-hard if $c\leq 3$. We do this via pinpointing a relationship with the known class of $b$-matching games and completing the complexity classification on testing core non-emptiness for $b$-matching games. With respect to our application, we prove a number of complexity results on choosing, out of possibly many optimal solutions, one that leads to a kidney transplant distribution that is as close as possible to some prescribed fair distribution.

KW - cs.GT

KW - cs.CC

KW - cs.DS

KW - math.CO

U2 - 10.48550/arXiv.2301.13181

DO - 10.48550/arXiv.2301.13181

M3 - Preprint

BT - Partitioned Matching Games for International Kidney Exchange

PB - ArXiv.org

ER -