Pathway for high-quality reclaim by thermal treatment of sulfur-vulcanized SBR

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

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Abstract

De-vulcanization of SBR (Styrene Butadiene Rubber) is a challenge, as the broken polymer chains tend to re-arrange. This influences the properties of the reclaimed and re-vulcanized rubber, and reduces the quality of the recycled material. Within this study, the breakdown of sulfur-cured SBR in a thermal de-vulcanization process is investigated under various conditions: The temperature range for the de-vulcanization is varied from 180 ºC to 300 ºC, and the treatments are done in air and under oxygen exclusion with nitrogen. Depending on the parameters used, the sol fraction increased as expected, crosslink density first decreased, but increased again above a temperature threshold of 220 ºC. The reasons for this increase in crosslink density are complicated intra-molecular rearrangements of chain fragments due to uncontrolled degradation and oxidation effects. This is confirmed by FT-IR and TGA measurements. Preventing oxidation during thermal treatment reduces the degree of rearrangements and results in significantly improved SBR reclaim properties.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings ACS Rubber Division Fall Meeting
Place of PublicationCleveland, USA
PublisherACS Rubber Division
Pages1-30
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2011
Event180th Technical Meeting ACS Rubber Division - Cleveland, United States
Duration: 11 Oct 201113 Oct 2011
Conference number: 180

Publication series

Name#82
PublisherACS Rubber Division
ISSN (Print)1547-1977

Conference

Conference180th Technical Meeting ACS Rubber Division
CountryUnited States
CityCleveland
Period11/10/1113/10/11

Fingerprint

butadiene
rubber
styrenes
sulfur
oxidation
exclusion
breakdown
fragments
degradation
nitrogen
thresholds
temperature
air
polymers
oxygen

Keywords

  • METIS-284223
  • IR-87223

Cite this

Saiwari, S., Dierkes, W. K., & Noordermeer, J. W. M. (2011). Pathway for high-quality reclaim by thermal treatment of sulfur-vulcanized SBR. In Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Fall Meeting (pp. 1-30). (#82). Cleveland, USA: ACS Rubber Division.
Saiwari, Sitisaiyidah ; Dierkes, Wilma K. ; Noordermeer, Jacobus W.M. / Pathway for high-quality reclaim by thermal treatment of sulfur-vulcanized SBR. Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Fall Meeting. Cleveland, USA : ACS Rubber Division, 2011. pp. 1-30 (#82).
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abstract = "De-vulcanization of SBR (Styrene Butadiene Rubber) is a challenge, as the broken polymer chains tend to re-arrange. This influences the properties of the reclaimed and re-vulcanized rubber, and reduces the quality of the recycled material. Within this study, the breakdown of sulfur-cured SBR in a thermal de-vulcanization process is investigated under various conditions: The temperature range for the de-vulcanization is varied from 180 ºC to 300 ºC, and the treatments are done in air and under oxygen exclusion with nitrogen. Depending on the parameters used, the sol fraction increased as expected, crosslink density first decreased, but increased again above a temperature threshold of 220 ºC. The reasons for this increase in crosslink density are complicated intra-molecular rearrangements of chain fragments due to uncontrolled degradation and oxidation effects. This is confirmed by FT-IR and TGA measurements. Preventing oxidation during thermal treatment reduces the degree of rearrangements and results in significantly improved SBR reclaim properties.",
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Saiwari, S, Dierkes, WK & Noordermeer, JWM 2011, Pathway for high-quality reclaim by thermal treatment of sulfur-vulcanized SBR. in Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Fall Meeting. #82, ACS Rubber Division, Cleveland, USA, pp. 1-30, 180th Technical Meeting ACS Rubber Division, Cleveland, United States, 11/10/11.

Pathway for high-quality reclaim by thermal treatment of sulfur-vulcanized SBR. / Saiwari, Sitisaiyidah; Dierkes, Wilma K.; Noordermeer, Jacobus W.M.

Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Fall Meeting. Cleveland, USA : ACS Rubber Division, 2011. p. 1-30 (#82).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

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T1 - Pathway for high-quality reclaim by thermal treatment of sulfur-vulcanized SBR

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N2 - De-vulcanization of SBR (Styrene Butadiene Rubber) is a challenge, as the broken polymer chains tend to re-arrange. This influences the properties of the reclaimed and re-vulcanized rubber, and reduces the quality of the recycled material. Within this study, the breakdown of sulfur-cured SBR in a thermal de-vulcanization process is investigated under various conditions: The temperature range for the de-vulcanization is varied from 180 ºC to 300 ºC, and the treatments are done in air and under oxygen exclusion with nitrogen. Depending on the parameters used, the sol fraction increased as expected, crosslink density first decreased, but increased again above a temperature threshold of 220 ºC. The reasons for this increase in crosslink density are complicated intra-molecular rearrangements of chain fragments due to uncontrolled degradation and oxidation effects. This is confirmed by FT-IR and TGA measurements. Preventing oxidation during thermal treatment reduces the degree of rearrangements and results in significantly improved SBR reclaim properties.

AB - De-vulcanization of SBR (Styrene Butadiene Rubber) is a challenge, as the broken polymer chains tend to re-arrange. This influences the properties of the reclaimed and re-vulcanized rubber, and reduces the quality of the recycled material. Within this study, the breakdown of sulfur-cured SBR in a thermal de-vulcanization process is investigated under various conditions: The temperature range for the de-vulcanization is varied from 180 ºC to 300 ºC, and the treatments are done in air and under oxygen exclusion with nitrogen. Depending on the parameters used, the sol fraction increased as expected, crosslink density first decreased, but increased again above a temperature threshold of 220 ºC. The reasons for this increase in crosslink density are complicated intra-molecular rearrangements of chain fragments due to uncontrolled degradation and oxidation effects. This is confirmed by FT-IR and TGA measurements. Preventing oxidation during thermal treatment reduces the degree of rearrangements and results in significantly improved SBR reclaim properties.

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Saiwari S, Dierkes WK, Noordermeer JWM. Pathway for high-quality reclaim by thermal treatment of sulfur-vulcanized SBR. In Proceedings ACS Rubber Division Fall Meeting. Cleveland, USA: ACS Rubber Division. 2011. p. 1-30. (#82).