Patient education and disease activity: A study among rheumatoid arthritis patients

H.L.M. Brus, Herman L.M. Brus, Erik Taal, Mart A F J van de Laar, Johannes J. Rasker, O. Wiegman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective: To determine whether patients experiencing high disease activity derive more benefit from patient education than those experiencing low disease activity. - Methods: Data from a randomized study on the effects of a program of patient education were analyzed retrospectively. Four subgroups were studied: the high disease activity subgroup of patients who had participated in the educational program, the complementary low disease activity subgroup, the high disease activity subgroup of controls, and its low disease activity complement. Patients with erythrocyte sedimentation rate >28 mm/first hour were classified as having high disease activity. Effects on frequency of physical exercises, endurance exercises, and relaxation exercises and effects on health status (Modified Health Assessment Questionnaire, Dutch Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales [AIMS]) were measured. - Results: There were no significant differences between the adherence parameters of the various pairs of groups. Four months after the educational program began, anxiety and depression scores on the Dutch-AIMS had increased among participating patients who were experiencing high disease activity and decreased among those who were experiencing low disease activity. - Conclusions: Patients experiencing high disease activity did not derive more benefit from patient education than those experiencing low disease activity. On the contrary, an increase of anxiety and depression is found in these patients. Further study is needed to confirm our findings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-324
Number of pages5
JournalArthritis & rheumatism
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Disease activity
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • METIS-148938
  • IR-71296
  • Patient education

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