Patients’ experiences of life review therapy combined with memory specificity training (LRT-MST) targeting cancer patients in palliative care

Gitta Kleijn, Cornelia F. van Uden-Kraan, Ernst T. Bohlmeijer, Annemarie Becker-Commissaris, Mathilde Pronk, Vincent Willemsen, Pim Cuijpers, Irma M. Verdonck-de Leeuw (Corresponding Author)

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Abstract

Purpose: Life review therapy combined with memory specificity training (LRT-MST) is effective in cancer patients in palliative care, but the effect size is moderate. The aim of this qualitative study was to obtain more in-depth knowledge on motivation to start with LRT-MST, experiences with LRT-MST, and perceived outcomes of LRT-MST. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 cancer patients in palliative care who participated in a randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of LRT-MST. All interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed by means of thematic analysis independently by two coders and coded into key issues and themes. Results: Patients started LRT-MST for intrinsic (e.g., potential benefit for personal well-being) and extrinsic reasons (e.g., potential benefit for future patients). Patients indicated mainly positive experiences with the intervention. They appreciated sharing their memories and regaining memories with a specific focus on retrieving positive memories. Some disliked the fact that negative memories could not be addressed. Most patients perceived positive outcomes of the intervention belonging to the overarching themes “ego-integrity” and “psychological well-being” in the here and now, as well as in the nearby future (including end-of-life). Conclusions: LRT-MST is of added value as a psychological intervention in palliative care. This study provided in-depth insight into reasons to start the intervention, and the experiences and outcomes, which are important to further tailor LRT-MST and for development or improvement of other psychological interventions targeting cancer patients in palliative care.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSupportive care in cancer
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 7 Jan 2019

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Life Change Events
Palliative Care
Learning
Neoplasms
Therapeutics
Psychology
Interviews
Ego
Motivation
Randomized Controlled Trials

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Cancer
  • Life review therapy
  • Palliative care
  • Qualitative research
  • Autobiographical memory

Cite this

Kleijn, Gitta ; van Uden-Kraan, Cornelia F. ; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T. ; Becker-Commissaris, Annemarie ; Pronk, Mathilde ; Willemsen, Vincent ; Cuijpers, Pim ; Verdonck-de Leeuw, Irma M. / Patients’ experiences of life review therapy combined with memory specificity training (LRT-MST) targeting cancer patients in palliative care. In: Supportive care in cancer. 2019.
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title = "Patients’ experiences of life review therapy combined with memory specificity training (LRT-MST) targeting cancer patients in palliative care",
abstract = "Purpose: Life review therapy combined with memory specificity training (LRT-MST) is effective in cancer patients in palliative care, but the effect size is moderate. The aim of this qualitative study was to obtain more in-depth knowledge on motivation to start with LRT-MST, experiences with LRT-MST, and perceived outcomes of LRT-MST. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 cancer patients in palliative care who participated in a randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of LRT-MST. All interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed by means of thematic analysis independently by two coders and coded into key issues and themes. Results: Patients started LRT-MST for intrinsic (e.g., potential benefit for personal well-being) and extrinsic reasons (e.g., potential benefit for future patients). Patients indicated mainly positive experiences with the intervention. They appreciated sharing their memories and regaining memories with a specific focus on retrieving positive memories. Some disliked the fact that negative memories could not be addressed. Most patients perceived positive outcomes of the intervention belonging to the overarching themes “ego-integrity” and “psychological well-being” in the here and now, as well as in the nearby future (including end-of-life). Conclusions: LRT-MST is of added value as a psychological intervention in palliative care. This study provided in-depth insight into reasons to start the intervention, and the experiences and outcomes, which are important to further tailor LRT-MST and for development or improvement of other psychological interventions targeting cancer patients in palliative care.",
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Patients’ experiences of life review therapy combined with memory specificity training (LRT-MST) targeting cancer patients in palliative care. / Kleijn, Gitta; van Uden-Kraan, Cornelia F.; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.; Becker-Commissaris, Annemarie; Pronk, Mathilde; Willemsen, Vincent; Cuijpers, Pim; Verdonck-de Leeuw, Irma M. (Corresponding Author).

In: Supportive care in cancer, 07.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Kleijn, Gitta

AU - van Uden-Kraan, Cornelia F.

AU - Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.

AU - Becker-Commissaris, Annemarie

AU - Pronk, Mathilde

AU - Willemsen, Vincent

AU - Cuijpers, Pim

AU - Verdonck-de Leeuw, Irma M.

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N2 - Purpose: Life review therapy combined with memory specificity training (LRT-MST) is effective in cancer patients in palliative care, but the effect size is moderate. The aim of this qualitative study was to obtain more in-depth knowledge on motivation to start with LRT-MST, experiences with LRT-MST, and perceived outcomes of LRT-MST. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 cancer patients in palliative care who participated in a randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of LRT-MST. All interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed by means of thematic analysis independently by two coders and coded into key issues and themes. Results: Patients started LRT-MST for intrinsic (e.g., potential benefit for personal well-being) and extrinsic reasons (e.g., potential benefit for future patients). Patients indicated mainly positive experiences with the intervention. They appreciated sharing their memories and regaining memories with a specific focus on retrieving positive memories. Some disliked the fact that negative memories could not be addressed. Most patients perceived positive outcomes of the intervention belonging to the overarching themes “ego-integrity” and “psychological well-being” in the here and now, as well as in the nearby future (including end-of-life). Conclusions: LRT-MST is of added value as a psychological intervention in palliative care. This study provided in-depth insight into reasons to start the intervention, and the experiences and outcomes, which are important to further tailor LRT-MST and for development or improvement of other psychological interventions targeting cancer patients in palliative care.

AB - Purpose: Life review therapy combined with memory specificity training (LRT-MST) is effective in cancer patients in palliative care, but the effect size is moderate. The aim of this qualitative study was to obtain more in-depth knowledge on motivation to start with LRT-MST, experiences with LRT-MST, and perceived outcomes of LRT-MST. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 cancer patients in palliative care who participated in a randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of LRT-MST. All interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed by means of thematic analysis independently by two coders and coded into key issues and themes. Results: Patients started LRT-MST for intrinsic (e.g., potential benefit for personal well-being) and extrinsic reasons (e.g., potential benefit for future patients). Patients indicated mainly positive experiences with the intervention. They appreciated sharing their memories and regaining memories with a specific focus on retrieving positive memories. Some disliked the fact that negative memories could not be addressed. Most patients perceived positive outcomes of the intervention belonging to the overarching themes “ego-integrity” and “psychological well-being” in the here and now, as well as in the nearby future (including end-of-life). Conclusions: LRT-MST is of added value as a psychological intervention in palliative care. This study provided in-depth insight into reasons to start the intervention, and the experiences and outcomes, which are important to further tailor LRT-MST and for development or improvement of other psychological interventions targeting cancer patients in palliative care.

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