PDMS Curing Inhibition on 3D-Printed Molds: Why? Also, How to Avoid It?

Bastien Venzac*, Shanliang Deng, Ziad Mahmoud, Aufried Lenferink, Aurélie Costa, Fabrice Bray, Cees Otto, Christian Rolando, Séverine Le Gac

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)
278 Downloads (Pure)


Three-dimensional (3D)-printing techniques such as stereolithography (SLA) are currently gaining momentum for the production of miniaturized analytical devices and molds for soft lithography. However, most commercially available SLA resins inhibit polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) curing, impeding reliable replication of the 3D-printed structures in this elastomeric material. Here, we report a systematic study, using 16 commercial resins, to identify a fast and straightforward treatment of 3D-printed structures and to support accurate PDMS replication using UV and/or thermal post-curing. In-depth analysis using Raman spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, and high-resolution mass spectrometry revealed that phosphine oxide-based photo-initiators, leaching out of the 3D-printed structures, are poisoning the Pt-based PDMS catalyst. Yet, upon UV and/or thermal treatments, photo-initiators were both eliminated and recombined into high molecular weight species that were sequestered in the molds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7180-7187
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2021


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