Peritoneal changes due to laparoscopic surgery

W. J.A. Brokelman, M. Lensvelt, I. H.M.Borel Rinkes, J. H.G. Klinkenbijl, M. M.P.J. Reijnen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic surgery has been incorporated into common surgical practice. The peritoneum is an organ with various biologic functions that may be affected in different ways by laparoscopic and open techniques. Clinically, these alterations may be important in issues such as peritoneal metastasis and adhesion formation. Methods: A literature search using the Pubmed and Cochrane databases identified articles focusing on the key issues of laparoscopy, peritoneum, inflammation, morphology, immunology, and fibrinolysis. Results: Laparoscopic surgery induces alterations in the peritoneal integrity and causes local acidosis, probably due to peritoneal hypoxia. The local immune system and inflammation are modulated by a pneumoperitoneum. Additionally, the peritoneal plasmin system is inhibited, leading to peritoneal hypofibrinolysis. Conclusion: Similar to open surgery, laparoscopic surgery affects both the integrity and biology of the peritoneum. These observations may have implications for various clinical conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalSurgical endoscopy
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fibrinolysis
  • Growth factors
  • Immune system
  • Inflammation
  • Laparoscopy
  • Mesothelial cells
  • Peritoneum
  • Plasmin

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    Brokelman, W. J. A., Lensvelt, M., Rinkes, I. H. M. B., Klinkenbijl, J. H. G., & Reijnen, M. M. P. J. (2011). Peritoneal changes due to laparoscopic surgery. Surgical endoscopy, 25(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-010-1139-2