Perpendicular stand-still recording in Co-Cr films

T. Wielinga, J.H.J. Fluitman, J.C. Lodder

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    Some features of perpendicular recording were investigated by means of stand-still recording experiments. For this purpose several radio frequency (RF-)sputtered Co-Cr layers of two different compositions were used as media while a Permalloy single pole (SP) head was used as a write transducer. A magnetoresistive transducer (MRT) was utilized to read the recorded pattern. Further, an analytical model was developed enabling the magnetization induced by the head field in the recording medium to be calculated. Both calculations and experimental results show a sharpening of the transition, due to the demagnetizing field. For a good approximation it is sufficient to consider only the vertical head field component and vertical magnetization in the recording medium. This is a consequence of the well-developed perpendicular anisotropy and negligible in-plane remanence of the Co-Cr layers. In addition the read-out signal is completely determined by the magnetic surface changes. The remanent magnetization in the recording medium and therefore the read-out amplitude is limited by demagnetization and consequently determined by the coercivity of the Co-Cr layer. The medium noise of a dc-erased medium indicates magnetic structures of much larger dimensions than the size of the individual crystallites. This noise appears to be dependent on the saturation magnetization of the Co-Cr medium. Activation of the single pole head by a homogeneous field results in a nonlinear behavior, caused by head saturation effects. This is supported by simple one-dimensional calculations of the head field.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)94-104
    Number of pages11
    JournalIEEE transactions on magnetics
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1983


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