Industry 4.0 or the Fourth Industrial Revolution is characterised by robotic process automation and machine-to-machine communications. Since computers, machines, and robots share information and knowledge more swiftly and effectively than humans, the question is what human beings’ role could be in the era of the Internet-of-Thing. The answer would be beneficial to institutions for higher education to anticipate. The literature reveals a gap between the intended learning outcomes in higher education institutions and the needs of employers in Industry 4.0. Evidence is shown that higher education mainly focused on knowledge (know-what) and theory-based (know-why) intended learning outcomes. However, competent professionals require knowledge (know-what), understanding of the theory (know-why), professional (know-how) and interpersonal skills (know-how and know-who), and need intrapersonal traits such as creativeness, persistence, a result-driven attitude et cetera. Therefore, intended learning outcomes in higher education should also develop interpersonal skills and intrapersonal characteristics. Yet, personality development is a personal effort vital for contemporary challenges. The history of the preceding industrial revolutions showed the drawbacks of personality and character education; politicians have abused it to control societies in the 19th and 20th centuries. In the discussion section, the institutions for higher education are alerted that the societal challenges of the 21st century could lead to a form of personality education that is not in the student’s interest and would violate Isaiah Berlin’s philosophical concept of “positive freedom”.
|Title of host publication||Smart Industry - Better Management|
|Place of Publication||Bingley, West Yorkshire, England|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Submitted - 1 Jan 2022|
|Name||Advanced Series in Management|
|Publisher||Emerald Publishing Group|