Personality traits and gender-specific income expectations in Dutch higher education

Ariana Need* (Corresponding Author), Uulkje de Jong

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    63 Downloads (Pure)


    In this article we examine gender differences in income expectations of students in higher education. We found quite large gender differences. Men and women differ significantly in the income they expect to earn at the top of their career. We examined how much personality traits contribute to explain gender differences in income expectations, and to what extent personality typologies can add to insights about earnings potential derived from human capital theory. The research shows that personality does affect expected income, that impact goes beyond personality's indirect effects, which are conveyed largely through gender differences and students' choice of study subject.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)113-128
    Number of pages16
    JournalSocial indicators research
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2008


    • Gender differentials
    • Higher education
    • Income expectations
    • Inequality


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