Phase control algorithms for focusing light through turbid media

Ivo Micha Vellekoop, Allard Mosk

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Light propagation in materials with microscopic inhomogeneities is affected by scattering. In scattering materials, such as powders, disordered metamaterials or biological tissue, multiple scattering on sub-wavelength particles makes light diffuse. Recently, we showed that it is possible to construct a wavefront that focuses through a solid, strongly scattering object. The focusing wavefront uniquely matches a certain configuration of the particles in the medium. To focus light through a turbid liquid or living tissue, it is necessary to dynamically adjust the wavefront as the particles in the medium move. Here we present three algorithms for constructing a wavefront that focuses through a scattering medium. We analyze the dynamic behavior of these algorithms and compare their sensitivity to measurement noise. The algorithms are compared both experimentally and using numerical simulations. The results are in good agreement with an intuitive model, which may be used to develop dynamic diffusion compensators with applications in, for example, light delivery in human tissue.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)3071-3080
Number of pages10
JournalOptics communications
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • IR-78943
  • Focusing
  • METIS-247291
  • Speckle
  • Wave diffusion
  • Turbid media
  • Scattering
  • Interference

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