Phase error compensation in multi-baseline SAR tomography

Hossein Aghababaee, Alessandra Budillon, Giampaolo Ferraioli, Gianfranco Fornaro, Vito Pascazio, Gilda Schirinzi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


This paper explores the main issue surrounding the multidimensional synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image focusing techniques, suchlike those caused by the atmosphere propagation delays or by residual platform motion. The problem brings unknown contributions to the phases of complex received signal that it is generally independent of acquisitions track to track and leads spreading and defocusing in multi-dimensional space. To deal with these issues, in this paper an auto-focusing procedure based on sharpness optimization of the reconstructed signal has been employed. The main concern about this technique is that sharpness optimization by itself however can introduce unwanted and uncontrollable vertical shifts in the focused image. To tackle this issue, the phase error is estimated by multiple integration of second derivative of the phase with respect to baseline. The estimation of the calibration phase is performed by optimizing contrast or entropy of the vertical profile with the constraint of a zero phase derivative. In this way, unwanted vertical shifts are avoided and the correct height reference is preserved. Experimental results from the proposed method are evaluated by vertical profile reconstruction performance in the controlled conditions by simulated dataset over the forested area and multi-baseline data acquired by ONERA in Guyana in the frame of European space agency's campaign TROPISAR.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings
Place of PublicationValencia
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781538671504
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event38th IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018: Observing, Understanding and Forcasting the Dynamics of Our Planet - Feria Valencia Convention & Exhibition Center, Valencia, Spain
Duration: 22 Jul 201827 Jul 2018
Conference number: 38

Publication series

NameInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)


Conference38th IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018
Abbreviated title2018
Internet address


  • Phase calibration
  • Synthetic aperture radar (SAR)
  • Tomography
  • Volumetric media
  • ITC-CV

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