Phase transformations of 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylic acid on Cu(001)

Daniel Schwarz, Raoul van Gastel, Henricus J.W. Zandvliet, Bene Poelsema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The growth and structure of 4,4′-biphenyldicarboxylic-acid (BDA) on Cu(001) at temperatures between 300 and 400 K was studied by low energy electron microscopy and μ-LEED. First, the adsorbed BDA molecules form a disordered dilute phase. Once this phase reaches a sufficiently high density, a crystalline phase nucleates, in which the molecules form a hydrogen-bonded two-dimensional (2D) supramolecular c(8×8) network. By a careful analysis of the bright-field image intensity, we can measure the density in the dilute phase, which is up to 30% of that in the crystalline phase. From the respective equilibrium densities at different temperatures, we determine the 2D phase diagram and extract a cohesive energy of 0.35 eV. We also analyze the island decay behavior and estimate the BDA molecule diffusion constants. Steps are found to be highly transparent for diffusing BDA molecules. In the temperature range of 362–400 K, we find chemical diffusion constants between 850–1700 nm2 s−1
Original languageEnglish
Article number235419
Pages (from-to)235419-
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)
Volume85
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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phase transformations
Phase transitions
acids
Molecules
Acids
molecules
Crystalline materials
Temperature
Electron microscopy
Phase diagrams
temperature
Hydrogen
electron microscopy
phase diagrams
4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylic acid
energy
decay
hydrogen
estimates

Keywords

  • IR-81102
  • METIS-287283

Cite this

@article{8e407d90dd0346b997464a1bebf8cbe7,
title = "Phase transformations of 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylic acid on Cu(001)",
abstract = "The growth and structure of 4,4′-biphenyldicarboxylic-acid (BDA) on Cu(001) at temperatures between 300 and 400 K was studied by low energy electron microscopy and μ-LEED. First, the adsorbed BDA molecules form a disordered dilute phase. Once this phase reaches a sufficiently high density, a crystalline phase nucleates, in which the molecules form a hydrogen-bonded two-dimensional (2D) supramolecular c(8×8) network. By a careful analysis of the bright-field image intensity, we can measure the density in the dilute phase, which is up to 30{\%} of that in the crystalline phase. From the respective equilibrium densities at different temperatures, we determine the 2D phase diagram and extract a cohesive energy of 0.35 eV. We also analyze the island decay behavior and estimate the BDA molecule diffusion constants. Steps are found to be highly transparent for diffusing BDA molecules. In the temperature range of 362–400 K, we find chemical diffusion constants between 850–1700 nm2 s−1",
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author = "Daniel Schwarz and {van Gastel}, Raoul and Zandvliet, {Henricus J.W.} and Bene Poelsema",
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language = "English",
volume = "85",
pages = "235419--",
journal = "Physical review B: Covering condensed matter and materials physics",
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Phase transformations of 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylic acid on Cu(001). / Schwarz, Daniel; van Gastel, Raoul; Zandvliet, Henricus J.W.; Poelsema, Bene.

In: Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics), Vol. 85, No. 23, 235419, 2012, p. 235419-.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phase transformations of 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylic acid on Cu(001)

AU - Schwarz, Daniel

AU - van Gastel, Raoul

AU - Zandvliet, Henricus J.W.

AU - Poelsema, Bene

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The growth and structure of 4,4′-biphenyldicarboxylic-acid (BDA) on Cu(001) at temperatures between 300 and 400 K was studied by low energy electron microscopy and μ-LEED. First, the adsorbed BDA molecules form a disordered dilute phase. Once this phase reaches a sufficiently high density, a crystalline phase nucleates, in which the molecules form a hydrogen-bonded two-dimensional (2D) supramolecular c(8×8) network. By a careful analysis of the bright-field image intensity, we can measure the density in the dilute phase, which is up to 30% of that in the crystalline phase. From the respective equilibrium densities at different temperatures, we determine the 2D phase diagram and extract a cohesive energy of 0.35 eV. We also analyze the island decay behavior and estimate the BDA molecule diffusion constants. Steps are found to be highly transparent for diffusing BDA molecules. In the temperature range of 362–400 K, we find chemical diffusion constants between 850–1700 nm2 s−1

AB - The growth and structure of 4,4′-biphenyldicarboxylic-acid (BDA) on Cu(001) at temperatures between 300 and 400 K was studied by low energy electron microscopy and μ-LEED. First, the adsorbed BDA molecules form a disordered dilute phase. Once this phase reaches a sufficiently high density, a crystalline phase nucleates, in which the molecules form a hydrogen-bonded two-dimensional (2D) supramolecular c(8×8) network. By a careful analysis of the bright-field image intensity, we can measure the density in the dilute phase, which is up to 30% of that in the crystalline phase. From the respective equilibrium densities at different temperatures, we determine the 2D phase diagram and extract a cohesive energy of 0.35 eV. We also analyze the island decay behavior and estimate the BDA molecule diffusion constants. Steps are found to be highly transparent for diffusing BDA molecules. In the temperature range of 362–400 K, we find chemical diffusion constants between 850–1700 nm2 s−1

KW - IR-81102

KW - METIS-287283

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.235419

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.235419

M3 - Article

VL - 85

SP - 235419-

JO - Physical review B: Covering condensed matter and materials physics

JF - Physical review B: Covering condensed matter and materials physics

SN - 2469-9950

IS - 23

M1 - 235419

ER -