Photo-Electrical Characterization of Silicon Micropillar Arrays with Radial p/n Junctions Containing Passivation and Anti-Reflection Coatings

Wouter Vijselaar, R. Elbersen, Roald M. Tiggelaar, Han Gardeniers*, Jurriaan Huskens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to assess the contributions of anti-reflective and passivation effects in microstructured silicon-based solar light harvesting devices, thin layers of aluminum oxide (Al2O3), silicon dioxide (SiO2), silicon-rich silicon nitride (SiNx), and indium tin oxide (ITO), with a thickness ranging from 45 to 155 nm, are deposited onto regularly packed arrays of silicon micropillars with radial p/n junctions. Atomic layer deposition of Al2O3 yields the best conformal coating over the micropillars. The fact that layers made by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition (SiO2 and SiNx) are not conformally deposited on the sidewalls of the Si micropillars do not influence the photoelectrical efficiency. For ITO, a change in composition along the micropillar height is measured, which leads to poor performance. For Al2O3, deconvolution of the contributions of passivation and anti-reflection to the overall efficiency gain exhibits the importance of passivation in micro/nano-structured Si devices. Al2O3-coated samples perform the best, for both n/p and p/n configured pillars, yielding (relative) increases of 116% and 37% in efficiency of coated versus non-coated samples for p-type and n-type base micropillar arrays, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1601497
JournalAdvanced energy materials
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • anti-reflection coatings
  • passivation
  • radial p/n junction
  • silicon micropillars
  • solar cells

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