Photocatalytic oxidation of propane using hydrothermally prepared anatase-brookite-rutile tio2 samples. An in situ drifts study

Laura Cano-Casanova*, Bastian Mei, Guido Mul, María Ángeles Lillo-Ródenas, María Del Carmen Román-Martínez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Photocatalytic oxidation of propane using hydrothermally synthesized TiO2 samples with similar primary crystal size containing different ratios of anatase, brookite and rutile phases has been studied by measuring light-induced propane conversion and in situ DRIFTS (diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy). Propane was found to adsorb on the photocatalysts, both in the absence and presence of light. The extent of adsorption depends on the phase composition of synthesized titania powders and, in general, it decreases with increasing rutile and brookite content. Still, the intrinsic activity for photocatalytic decomposition of propane is higher for photocatalysts with lower ability for propane adsorption, suggesting this is not the rate-limiting step. In situ DRIFTS analysis shows that bands related to adsorbed acetone, formate and bicarbonate species appear on the surface of the photocatalysts during illumination. Correlation of propane conversion and infrared (IR) data shows that the presence of formate and bicarbonate species, in excess with respect to acetone, is composition dependent, and results in relatively low activity of the respective TiO2. This study highlights the need for precise control of the phase composition to optimize rates in the photocatalytic oxidation of propane and a high rutile content seems to be favorable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1314
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalNanomaterials
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Anatase-brookite-rutile TiO
  • DRIFTS analysis
  • Propane adsorption
  • Propane photo-oxidation
  • Reaction intermediates

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