Photon energy dependence of graphitization threshold for diamond irradiated with intense XUV FEL pulse

J. Gaudin, Viacheslav Medvedev, J. Chalupsky, T. Burian, S. Dastjani Farahani, V. Hajkova, M. Harmand, H.O. Jeschke, L. Juha, M. Jurek, D. Klinger, J. Krzywinski, R.A. Loch, S. Moeller, M. Nagasono, C. Ozkan, K. Saksl, H. Sinn, R. Sobierajski, P. SovakS. Toleikis, K. Tiedtke, M. Toufarova, T. Tschentscher, V. Vorlicek, L. Vysin, H. Wabnitz, B. Ziaja

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24 Citations (Scopus)


We studied experimentally and theoretically the structural transition of diamond under an irradiation with an intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet laser (XUV) pulse of 24–275 eV photon energy provided by free-electron lasers. Experimental results obtained show that the irradiated diamond undergoes a solid-to-solid phase transition to graphite, and not to an amorphous state. Our theoretical findings suggest that the nature of this transition is nonthermal, stimulated by a change of the interatomic potential triggered by the excitation of valence electrons. Ultrashort laser pulse duration enables to identify the subsequent steps of this process: electron excitation, band gap collapse, and the following atomic motion. A good agreement between the experimentally measured and theoretically calculated damage thresholds for the XUV range supports our conclusions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number060101
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical review B: Condensed matter and materials physics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • METIS-299273
  • IR-88102


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