Picosecond-pulsed laser ablation of zinc: crater morphology and comparison of methods to determine ablation threshold

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Abstract

Ablation of bulk polycrystalline zinc in air is performed with single and multiple picosecond laser pulses at a wavelength of 1030 nm. The relationships between the characteristics of the ablated craters and the processing parameters are analyzed. Morphological changes of the ablated craters are characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Chemical compositions of both the treated and untreated surfaces are quantified with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. A comparative analysis on the determination of the ablation threshold using three methods, based on ablated diameter, depth and volume is presented along with associated incubation coefficients. The single pulse ablation threshold value is found to equal 0.21 J/cm^2. Using the calculated incubation coefficients, it is found that both the fluence threshold and energy penetration depth show lesser degree of incubation for multiple laser pulses.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberOE.26.018664
Pages (from-to)18664-18683
Number of pages20
JournalOptics express
Volume26
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2018

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craters
laser ablation
ablation
pulsed lasers
zinc
thresholds
pulses
lasers
coefficients
fluence
chemical composition
penetration
photoelectron spectroscopy
microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
scanning
air
wavelengths
x rays
energy

Keywords

  • Ultrafast lasers
  • Laser damage
  • Laser materials processing

Cite this

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title = "Picosecond-pulsed laser ablation of zinc: crater morphology and comparison of methods to determine ablation threshold",
abstract = "Ablation of bulk polycrystalline zinc in air is performed with single and multiple picosecond laser pulses at a wavelength of 1030 nm. The relationships between the characteristics of the ablated craters and the processing parameters are analyzed. Morphological changes of the ablated craters are characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Chemical compositions of both the treated and untreated surfaces are quantified with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. A comparative analysis on the determination of the ablation threshold using three methods, based on ablated diameter, depth and volume is presented along with associated incubation coefficients. The single pulse ablation threshold value is found to equal 0.21 J/cm^2. Using the calculated incubation coefficients, it is found that both the fluence threshold and energy penetration depth show lesser degree of incubation for multiple laser pulses.",
keywords = "Ultrafast lasers, Laser damage, Laser materials processing",
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T1 - Picosecond-pulsed laser ablation of zinc

T2 - crater morphology and comparison of methods to determine ablation threshold

AU - Mustafa, H.

AU - Pohl, R.

AU - Bor, T.C.

AU - Pathiraj, B.

AU - Matthews, D.T.A.

AU - Römer, G.R.B.E.

PY - 2018/7/9

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AB - Ablation of bulk polycrystalline zinc in air is performed with single and multiple picosecond laser pulses at a wavelength of 1030 nm. The relationships between the characteristics of the ablated craters and the processing parameters are analyzed. Morphological changes of the ablated craters are characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Chemical compositions of both the treated and untreated surfaces are quantified with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. A comparative analysis on the determination of the ablation threshold using three methods, based on ablated diameter, depth and volume is presented along with associated incubation coefficients. The single pulse ablation threshold value is found to equal 0.21 J/cm^2. Using the calculated incubation coefficients, it is found that both the fluence threshold and energy penetration depth show lesser degree of incubation for multiple laser pulses.

KW - Ultrafast lasers

KW - Laser damage

KW - Laser materials processing

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