Forest Ecosystem Services (FES) are increasingly recognized for their role, importance and multifunctionality in terms of provisioning, regulating and cultural functions. Even if timber production remains the most economically valuable provisioning service in Primiero, the importance of and need for multifunctionality of forests is acknowledged. This article analyses the development of FES governance innovation strategies by the Provincial Forest Agency in Primiero, Italy, as a policy entrepreneur. Based on detailed case study material, we create the heuristic of Kingdon’s three streams model in order to reconstruct the negotiations of innovative approaches on the problem, policy and politics levels and to identify the chosen or missed windows of opportunity. Findings show that the main issues perceived by the local stakeholders concern loss of biodiversity, of cultural identity and historical landscape values. The policy-entrepreneurial initiatives undertaken by the Forest Agency represent a governance mix of direct project execution, financial incentives, organisational incentives and information-based activities. The results highlight its efforts to move beyond the traditional top-down approach based on widely available public funds and towards coordination and collaborations among stakeholders, contribution of private investments, bureaucracy simplification and interconnection between participatory and institutional processes.
|Publication status||Submitted - 2021|
- Policy entrepreneurship
- Governance Innovation
- Managing governance setbacks
- Multifunctional forest management
- Multiple stream approach